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Boqueirao da Onc;a Conservation Mosaic, Brazil (7°12' S, 39°18' W) - Leader: INPE. UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and sites correspondent to IUCN Protected Areas Categories IV, V and VI. It is a set of three PAs focused on protecting the endangered Brazilian Jaguar (Panthera onca) and one of the most threatened and least studied phytogeographical domains in the Brazilian Caatinga's seasonally dry forest. The main stakeholders involve the Ministry of the Environment, Secretariat of Protected Areas (MMA-SAP); Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio); Regional Institute for Appropriate Small Agriculture (IRPAA); and the Caatinga Biosphere Reserve National Council (RBCAAT). Key equity aspects stem from the impacts of conservation on people, given the diversity of BES values and local identity. Governance mainly focuses on PA management while trying to deal with the surrounding conflicts involving local communities, water use, agribusiness, and renewable energy production.

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The municipality of Sento Sé is located in the state of Bahia, in the northeastern region of Brazil, covering an area of approximately 10,118.662 km². Sento Sé is an important place both in terms of natural wealth and cultural heritage. Due to its location in the São Francisco Valley, the economy of Sento Sé is primarily focused on agriculture, especially the production of irrigated fruits. Sento Sé provides a conducive environment for scientific studies on biodiversity conservation as it is a place of significant ecological value and biodiversity. It is the last remaining habitat of the jaguar in the region, which makes its preservation essential for the ecological balance of the ecosystem, especially in the face of growing pressure from economic development and human activities in the region.

In Sento Sé, fair and equitable sustainable development is crucial to achieving economic and social progress fairly while safeguarding the needs of current and future generations. It is important to consider the impacts of economic activities, such as mining and renewable energies, on different social groups and the environment to promote a harmonious coexistence between development and conservation.

A comprehensive scientific study on biodiversity conservation in Sento Sé, incorporating the principles of fair and equitable sustainable development, is essential. Identifying opportunities to balance economic growth with environmental preservation, while promoting social justice, is key to ensuring a sustainable and prosperous future for the region. This will safeguard not only the jaguar but also the entire local ecosystem.

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